In 1942, the United States and its allies fought the Axis powers. Bundles of Nazi U-boats patrolled the ocean, sinking Allied ships and threatening important supply lines. By July, in just seven months, 681 ships had lost submarine danger. Bremont IONBIRD replica Watches
When American industrialist Henry Kaiser started building ships in 1940, he revolutionized the industry with "Liberty Ships." Even if he reduced the construction time of a one-ton freighter from 355 days to 48 days, it was not enough in 1942. These submarine torpedo boats can launch faster than alternatives.
Kaiser proposed that giant spaceships should carry cargo to the sea where enemy torpedoes cannot reach. On the "Free Ship" launch site, he announced his intentions: "Our engineers made a plan for the giant spacecraft on the drafting board, which is beyond Jules Verne's imagination."
Although Kaiser knew about ships, he had no aviation experience. His attitude towards the established aircraft company failed. They think this idea is impossible. Only one person has the vision and resources to realize this idea, and that is billionaire businessman Howard Hughes.Jacob & Co Opera replica Watches
Hughes is an eccentric Hollywood filmmaker with aviation talent, born in Texas in 1905. He is a private little person, although he avoids the limelight, he likes the company of screen superstars. After directing a series of successful films, his focus shifted to aviation. Hughes is a talented engineer who has proven himself as a skilled test pilot. In 1932, he founded the Hughes Aircraft Company in Culver, California, to manufacture his own unique designs.
Mission of Hercules
It will take years to bring the new aircraft from the drawing board to the sky. The contract only allows 24 months, and Kaiser boasted that they would complete the contract within 10 months. Time constraints are not the only challenge, leading both parties to suspect that the government opposes their project. They are required not to compromise the war effort and are prohibited from attracting experienced personnel from other aircraft companies.Breitling Navitimer Aviator 8 Curtiss Warhawk A13316
To make matters worse, they are not allowed to use materials considered scarce, such as aluminum. The great spaceship will have to be built of wood, a feat that many people consider impossible. Both watchmakers and aircraft manufacturers know that wood is a difficult material. In order to cope with changes in density, each part used on the aircraft is weighed and matched with the opposite part to maintain the correct overall weight and balance.
Hughes developed a technology called Duramold. The criss-cross layers of thin birch veneers are glued together with resin to form a strong and beautiful skin without rivets. Polish the entire surface by hand, and then use rice paper and silver aluminum paint for surface treatment.
The size of Hercules is more than twice that of contemporary aircraft. Its wingspan is 320 feet, which is longer than the Statue of Liberty. An adult man can easily walk into its 11-foot-deep wing. The tail is equivalent to an eight-story building. The wings are equipped with eight Pratt & Whitney R4360 28-cylinder radial engines. They produced 24,000 horsepower and can lift 400,000 pounds of fully loaded fuselage. Hercules has a range of 3,000 miles and a cruise speed of 200 mph, and is designed to safely transport 400 soldiers or two Sherman tanks to the entire ocean.Richard Mille RM 33-02 Automatique
The sheer size of the aircraft brought unique challenges that Hughes solved through innovative solutions. During construction, the normal workbench is too small to be used. Therefore, the filmmaker uses a movie projector to display the floor plan on the factory floor, allowing his engineers to make parts of the right size.
Hercules was a pioneer in control and power systems, paving the way for future large aircraft. The fabric control surface is large. The aileron alone is 140 feet long. To move them in flight using traditional mechanical cables requires the equivalent of 200 personnel. Therefore, Hughes designed the first hydraulic actuation control system.
Miles of cables have brought weight issues, so Hercules took the lead in developing a 120v DC electrical system, which can use smaller cables and can reduce weight by 75% overall. A series of intercom radio points were used to communicate with the engineers on board and calculate the distance inside the aircraft.best replica watches
Inside, there are two decks connected by an elegant spiral staircase. The cockpit has large windows and tilted upholstered chairs for pilots and crew members. Since the two generators were bolted to the cockpit floor, the air on the plane might be less than the fresh air, so Hughes installed a duct to pump fresh air directly to the pilot’s seat to the left .
Among Hughes' many aviation feats, a record-setting global navigation experience was in 1938. Out of consideration for abandoning trenches at sea, he prepared an 80-pound ping-pong ball for the plane and placed it on the wings and fuselage to keep the plane afloat. For Hercules, he expanded this idea and used inflatable beach nets installed in the fuselage and wings.replica Maurice Lacroix Watches